Each cell in a battery contains a plate group, called element. An element consists of a designed number of positive and negative plates, both plates insulated by the separators. These prevent the plates from touching and causing a short circuit.
Separators are a nonconductive, microporous materials that has the function to prevent the short circuit while allowing a good electrolyte diffusion between the plates.
The most important property of the separator is the electrical resistance, which is directly related to the cranking capability of the battery.
The main factors that determine the separator resistance are the microporosity and the raw materials used in the separator production processes.
The polyethylene separator meets the requirements for high microporosity and lower electrical resistance as well, so that for major battery manufacturers it is the best choice to provide high cranking power performance, which is one of the features of the PROBE MF PREMIUM Battery
The number of plates in each element determine the battery electrical performance.
Increasing the number or size of the plates increases the overall plate surface area, exposes more reactive lead to the electrolyte, increasing the discharge capacity and the electrical current available during a cranking discharge.
Each cell , consisting of one element, has an open circuit voltage of about 2,13 volts, and in a 12 volts battery there are six cells connected in series for a total open circuit battery voltage of approximately 12,80 volts.
The intercellular connections between the cells are made using through partition connectors, welded by a process called extrusion-fusion process.
12 VOLT BATTERY